The development of slow travel in Thailand
Chapter One: Introduction
The potential title for my dissertation is ‘The development of slow travel in Thailand’.The impact of slow travel in the tourism industry has been totally neglected. This raises a lot of concern owing to the continued thriving of the tourism and aviation industries. This research intends to investigate the development and impact of slow travel as an alternative mode of transport in the tourism industry(Dickinson& Lumsdon, 2011).
Potential aims and objectives
The research is aimed at providing better recommendations for travel modes in the tourism sector. The following research questions will guide the study and literature review:
1) What are the documented effects of tourism on climate change?
2) What are the most appropriate forms of tourism identity?
3) Are there structured strategy suggestions for use of slow travel for reduction of the greenhouse effect?
4) What will be the effect of such strategies on tourist levels and travel costs?
The climate change deliberations have highlighted that flights have particularly detrimental greenhouse gas effects due to the forcing effect of emanations at high altitude(Eijgelaar& Peteers, 2010; Dickinson, 2008).
Slow travel is established to be an effective form of transport in tour travel because it reduces the global environmental damage caused by the result of the GHG emissions (Dickinson&Lumsdon, 2010). Research conducted by Robinsons and Lumsdon (2011) found that the assorted construal of slow travel by the current slow travel users are not all favorable to lesser GHG emissions. There is inadequate study in relation to travel and personage of the population both at home and away from home (Barr et al, 2009). Additionally, the perception of slow travel as a way of promoting socio-cultural interaction and environmental admiration has been ignored by most tourists yet the essence of tourism is exploring and finding pleasure in new cultural, social and economic environments(Mintel, 2009).
Background to the potential topic of study
The increasing climatic changes due to the greenhouse effect need to be addressed in order to preserve the global environment. Fast travel contributes largely to the green house effect due to the GHG fumes emitted by the carriages. Thailand’s tourism industry is thriving over time. There needs to be a better way for tour and travel with respect to the modes of transport (Guiver, 2007).
Tourism travel is a great contributor to the climate change with regards to the greenhouse effect due to excessive emanation of carbon by flights (Dickinson&Lumsdon, 2010; Giddens, 1990). While the tourism sector is flourishing from the international perspective across all countries, the long-term negative implications of air and car transport on climate change has been neglected.
There isliterature based on various factors such asthe nature of the tourism industry and the mode of travel encouraged in the tourism industry with regards to the climatic changes.Dickinson and Lumsdon describe the probability of slow travel to provide a more considerate and fulfilling option that positively supports destinations and minimizes tourism’s local and global implications (2009).
Pangboume asserts that though Robinsons and Lumsdon provide an up-to-date perception of the tourism industry and slow travel, there is need for more comprehensive literature with clear chapter definitions highlighting the current problems facing the tourism industry (2011). Due to the increasing awareness of the greenhouse effect in the U.S and Western Europe, there is a possibility of the growth of the slow travel market (Euro Monitor International, 2007; Dolnicar, Crouch & Long, 2008).
According to Becken (2007), reduction of the tourism carbon effect requires better forms of tourism identity. The author’s data show that there is little room for advancement.
That predictions have been conducted about the growth in the aviation industry (Bows, Anderson, & Peeters, 2009) in addition to the rising ascendancy of the private car is a probable estimation of tourism’s substantial contribution to changes in the climate by 2050 (Dubois & Ceron, 2006a; UNWTO-UNEP-WMO, 2008). Elsewhere, Gardner & Abraham (2007) suggest that there is need for campaigns against car use misconceptions.
Research conducted on green house gas emissions by tourism travel show that the total effect of the emissions in any given tourism travel basing on the mode of transport, the distance travelled, the intensity of activities participates at the destination and accommodation, and the length of stay is approximately 50-97.5% (G¨ossling, 2002). These emissions are contradictory to the European Union 1990 estimate objectives by 2050 which are approximately 60-80% (Bows et al., 2009).
The shift from cars and flights to lesser carbon forms of transport requires thorough exploration of other approaches to travel development that address both structural and behavioural changes (G¨ossling, Hall, Lane, & Weaver, 2008; Randles & Mander, 2009; Scott, Peeters, & G¨ossling, 2010; Eijgelaar& Peteers, 2010). The niche between global climatic concern and the consequent behavioral patterns in tourism should be addressed (Anable, Lane, & Kelay, 2006; Becken, 2007). Molz (2009) suggests that tourists should embrace slow travel as a way of improving cultural interactions and appreciation of the surrounding.
Slow travel promotes environmental admiration (Euro Monitor International, 2007; Mintel, 2009).This is because the tourists will have sufficient time to interact with the place, observe their culture and appreciate their way of life. The essence of tourism is to get access to new cultural, economic and social environment. Slow travel is an essential aspect for maximum achievement of the goals of tourism(Mintel, 2009). It should therefore be adopted by most of the tourists in order to promote social interaction on top of reduction of environmental pollution.Several writers have acknowledged the narrow scope in reviewing the extensive literature body (Dickinson & Robbins, 2009; Guiver, 2007; Lumsdon, Downward, & Cope, 2004; Ritchie, 1998).
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