Develop a COMPLETE learning plan, including handouts, worksheets, appropriate links, standards, objectives, content, and assessments. Use one of the templates posted on Blackboard, or one that is used in your major area or school district. You are required to submit a draft copy for review. By submitting this draft you will receive 20 points. After I review this draft I will return it to you with comments and an “as is” score between 0 and 60. This score will appear as a “placeholder” in your final score for the course. If it is high you may wish to keep it and do nothing morte to improve your score or you may improve upon it and resubmit it for a final review.
Youth Risk Behavior
The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey reveals shocking and alarming statistics of youth engagement in tobacco, alcohol and other drug substance use. Such risk behavior among youths especially amount youths in high school has also been identified among the leading causes of health problems at some stage of their lives including asthma, morbidity and even mortality. From the data cigarette smoking prevalence and alcohol drinking prevalence shows high percentage of youth have engaged in a risk behavior and therefore school health programs and policies should be developed to arrest the situation and promote healthy living standards among the youth. The data from the surveys is quite valuable in creating awareness on the risk behaviors among the youth not only to students but also to legislation authorities, parents, school staff and media.
Tobacco use among the high school students nationally depicts a great percentage cutting across 9th grade through 12th grade across all sex and ethnicity. The data reveals that percentage of all students who have ever smoked cigarettes even one or two puffs is 28.9 percent. Male students prevalence stands at 30.7 percent while female student prevalence at 27.3 percent. The trend of cigarette smoking across 9th grade to 12th grade is increasing which depicts that little or no effort is made to contain the prevalence from the lower grade and reduce the peer influence on the risk behavior. The trend of cigarette smoking from 1991 to 2017 shows a promising linear trend of decreasing prevalence which illustrate that little efforts are needed to reduce the prevalence even further through developments of preventive and rehabilitative programs and policies. According to Centers for Disease Control, cigarette smoking causes about 90 percent of lung cancers and about 80 percent of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and increases the risks of death in men and women (CDC, 2017).
Alcohol drinking and other drug use among youth is also another risk behavior which cause health related problems. The National Youth Risk Behavior Surveys 2017 states, alcohol drinking prevalence among high school students shows a shocking 60.4 percent of all students have ever drunk alcohol. The prevalence among male students is 58.1 percent and that among female students is 62.6 percent. The behavior also has higher prevalence among the 12th grade students compared to lower grade students illustrating that the trend of prevalence increases from lower grade to higher grades. Marijuana use among students also shows a shocking statistics from the NYRBS from which 35.6 percent of all students have ever used marijuana, male students having prevalence of 35.2 percent and female students a prevalence of 35.9 percent. The data also reveals that cocaine use among high school students including use of either cocaine powder, crack, or freebase stand at 4.8 percent of all students. The percentage of students who have ever injected any illegal drug to their body using needle is found to be 1.5 percent. The alcohol and other drug use among high school students is therefore a health risk behavior leading to various cancers and brain damages among the youth.
The statistics of NYRBS mention that the data of risk behaviors among the youth is quite valuable to public health and school health programs development. It is undeniable that such risk behavior has a very detrimental effects on the lives of this kids at any point of their lives. Therefore, this data can be used by public health officers to describe the risk behaviors and create awareness to parents, students, legislators as well as media. The same data can be used by public health officers to develop goals of the necessary policy programs to reduce the prevalence of the behavior among youth as well as seeking funding for such programs from the federal, state or private agencies and foundations.