What is the interdependent relationship between mitochondria and other organelles? What are similarities and differences between the Golgi apparatus and the large central vacuole? What is the function of chloroplast? Include functions of stroma and grana. Explain the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and rough endoplasmic reticulum. How are their functions similar to the nucleus’? How are they different? Provide three unique chemical or physical properties of water. How are these properties useful to water movement in plant cells? Discuss similarities and differences between bulk flow and diffusion. What are driving forces behind each process? Describe Fick’s law. How might this law be applied to osmosis? Explain how osmosis is a special case of diffusion. What role does solute concentration play in osmosis? How does water’s chemical potential influence osmosis? What role do water properties play in diffusion? Distinguish between osmotic pressure and potential. What organelle is related to osmotic potential? What role do aquaporins play in cell membrane permeability? What controls the gating of aquaporins?